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The Town Of Heanor

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Heanor is a town in the Amber Valley district of Derbyshire in the East Midlands of England. It is 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Derby and forms part of the Nottingham Urban Area. According to the census of 2001 the town's population was 22,620.

History

Heanor was mentioned in the Domesday Book with the following entry:


6M In CODNOR and Heanor and Langley [in Heanor] and 'Smithycote' [in Codnor Park] 8 thegns had 7 carucates of land to the geld. [There is] land for as many ploughs. There are now 3 ploughs in demesne; and 11 villans and 2 bordars and 3 sokemen having 5 ½ ploughs. There is a church, and 1 mill [rendering]12d , and 35 acres (140,000 m2) of meadow, [and] woodland pasture 2 leagues long and 3 furlongs broad. TRE worth 4l ; now 41s 4d . Warner holds it.

Governance

Since 1984 Heanor has had three tiers of local government: parish, district and county.

Civic history to 1974

The parish of Heanor formed a local board in about 1850 to govern the town. In 1895, under the Local Government Act 1894 the board's area became an urban district. In 1899 Heanor Urban District was enlarged with the addition of the neighbouring parish of Codnor and Loscoe. The urban district continued in existence until 1974, when it was merged into the new non-metropolitan district of Amber Valley under the Local Government Act 1972.

Civil parishes

The area of the former urban district initially formed an unparished area. In 1984 it was divided between three new civil parishes:
Aldercar and Langley Mill. In 2001 the parish had a population of 4,863.
Codnor. In 2001 the parish had a population of 3,836.
Heanor and Loscoe. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 16,040. In 1987 the parish council resolved to designate the parish a town under section 245 of the 1972 Act. According Heanor and Loscoe is governed by a town council.

Borough council

Amber Valley Borough Council, based in Ripley, consists of 45 councillors. The borough is divided into 23 wards, each returning from one to three councillors. The town of Heanor is divided between three wards, electing six councillors.


County council

Derbyshire County Council consists of 63 county councillors each elected for a single-member electoral district. Heanor falls into two electoral districts, Greater Heanor and Heanor Central.


Economy

Coal mining and textiles used to be the major industries of the town, but both of these declined as a major force in the second half of the 20th century.

The Matthew Walker factory, famous for the production of Christmas puddings and situated on Heanor Gate Industrial Park, was sold in 1992 to become part of the Northern Foods Group. Other companies on the park include Advanced Composites Group, Cullum Detuners Ltd and Isolated Systems Ltd.

Heanor merges into Langley Mill and is served by Langley Mill railway station.

Education

Heanor Grammar School, which was just to the east of the market place, is now part of the South East Derbyshire College. A book on the history of the school was published in 2008. The largest school presently in the area is the Heanor Gate Science College, in the neighbouring parish of Smalley, opened in 1964.


Sport and leisure

Shipley Country Park borders the south and west of the town. This valuable green space consists of most of the former estate of the Miller-Mundy family who lived at Shipley Hall (demolished in the 1940s) until the 1920s. It was sold for coal mining purposes and was intensively opencast and deep seam mined by what became the National Coal Board before being restored and handed over to the county council in the 1970s.

Heanor Clarion Cycling Club was founded in 1934. The local football team is known as 'The Lions' - Heanor Town Football Club. Established in 1883, the club is a member of the East Midlands Counties Football League. It also has a youth team called Heanor Juniors. Famous ex-players include Nigel Clough, who went on to play for Nottingham Forest}, Liverpool and Manchester City. He is now the manager of Derby County. Nigel Pearson, who after leaving Heanor captained Sheffield Wednesday to a League Cup win over Manchester United at Wembley, is now the manager at Hull City.[15] The Lions share their playing area with Heanor Town Cricket Club.

Transport

Heanor has a few bus routes. The nearest station is at Langley Mill two miles away, which has services to Nottingham, Sheffield and beyond. Formerly the Midland Railway had a line between Shipley Gate and Butterley that passed through Heanor (closed to passengers in 1926), and the Great Northern Railway had a branch line which terminated in a goods yard and small station in Heanor (closed in 1928, though temporarily revived in 1939).

Media

The local newspaper which serves, amongst others, the communities of Ripley, Heanor, Marlpool, Loscoe, Waingroves, Aldercar, Crosshill and Codnor is the 'Ripley and Heanor News'. However, its circulation area is not limited to these towns and villages and could be considered to extend from Whatstandwell in the west, to Brinsley in the east; from South Normanton in the north, to Coxbench in the south. It is published each Thursday.


Notable residents

St Lawrence's Church Billy Bestwick (1875 – 1938), cricketer. Born in Heanor.
Sir Richard William Barnes Clarke (1910–1975), journalist and civil servant, born in Heanor.
Henry Garnet (1555–1606), Jesuit, executed for his involvement in the Gunpowder Plot. Born in Heanor.
William Gregg (1890–1969), awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery in 1918. Born and died in Heanor.
The Howitt brothers: William Howitt (1792–1879), author, Richard, poet (1799–1869) and Godfrey entomologist, (1800–1873), born in Heanor.
Samuel Roper (died 1658), antiquary. Born in Heanor.
Edward Smith (1819–1874), physician, medical writer and dietician. Born in Heanor.
John Varley (1740–1809), canal engineer, supervised construction of the Chesterfield Canal. Born in Heanor.
Samuel Watson (c.1662–1715), sculptor. Born in Heanor.
 


External links

The Heanor Town Directory
Heanor and District Local History Society
Ripley and Heanor News
Heanor Gate Science College
Heanor Festival Week
Heanor news from the Derby Telegraph
Langley Mill heritage Group


Original information taken from Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heanor
Distributed under a Creative Commons licence
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0



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