Amber Valley Info

This is the profile page for The Village Of Riddings | Visit this profile page for more information.

When it snows go to
Or call 08456 058 058 for

      > School Closures
      > Latest Weather
      > Road Conditions
      > Grit Bins
      > Gritting Routes



The Village Of Riddings

Categories: Local Information

This Entry Has Not Been Confirmed
Click Here To Confirm Details For This Entry

Riddings is a village in Derbyshire, England. It is located 2 miles south of Alfreton near the hamlet of Golden Valley. The name derives from Ryddynges, a clearing or riding in a wood. This was the ancient forest known as Alfreton Grove within the manor of Alfreton. The settlement goes back at least to the 12th century, when Hugh de Ryddynges received half of the manor of Riddings and half of Watnall from his relative Ralf Ingram of Alfreton.

The surrounding area had traditional industries of coal and ironstone mining, which remained small in scale until the opening of a branch from the Cromford Canal in 1793 gave impetus to the construction of iron furnaces. In 1800 Derby ironfounders Thomas Saxelby, James Oakes and Forrester opened the Riddings Iron Works. By 1806 Thos. Saxelby & Co. had become the largest producers of pig iron in Derbyshire.

Oakes became sole owner of the Iron Works in 1818 with the purchase of Forrester's shares (Saxelbye having sold up in 1808). Throughout the nineteenth century Oakes and his family expanded their industrial holdings to include several local collieries. In 1888 they established the Riddings and District Gas Company in partnership with the Butterley Company. By-products of gas production were used to produce tar, sulphuric acid and other chemicals; local supplies of clay were fired to make bricks and pipes.

The Oakes family contributed extensively to the fabric of the village. In addition to their family home of Riddings House these contributions included a substantial part of the parish church of St James (1833) and the National School of 1845. Riddings House is now (2008) a residential home for the elderly, the surrounding park is now public, and the associated Model Farm has been converted to housing.

The village has five public houses: the Red Lion, the Greenhill, the Newlands Inn (destroyed by fire in 2011), the Moulders Arms and the Seven Stars. The latter was built in 1702 on the site of a chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary Magdalen.


James Oakes also built two tower windmills, named James and Sarah (after his wife Sarah Haddon). These were built in a yard (grid reference SK424531) on Greenhill Lane in 1870[2]or 1877, possibly on the site of a post mill advertised for sale in 1829. James was a brick tower 67 feet high of 7 storeys, 36 feet 6 inches diameter at the base, driven by six double-bladed patent sails and with eight-bladed fantails. Sarah appears to have had only 6 storeys. There were 2 open galleries on both mills, above the second floor and below the cap. The windshafts were of iron, 13 inches diameter. Other internal equipment has not been recorded.

Because the mills were close together one of the towers would 'rob the wind' (or obstruct the airflow to the sails) of the other. Consequentially before 1890 the Sarah mill had its sails removed and the milling machinery powered by a vertical-boilered stationary steam engine. It is possible that Sarah never had the sails fitted. The mills were used for grinding grain from the Oakes' estates, both for flour and for animal feed. In 1918 the sails of the James mill were removed and the steam plant replaced by a 24 h.p. oil engine which powered both mills. The mills stopped work c. 1927.

The floors of James were removed some time after 1927 and the mill used by the Granwood company,  manufacturers of composition block flooring, to store sawdust.

Ownership of the mills passed to the National Coal Board in 1947. In 1948 the N.C.B. sold the mills and some surrounding land to Deosan Ltd., who had a nearby chemical factory. Both mills were used by Deosan as storage space. In the winter of 1949 Deosan contracted an Alfreton scrap dealer to remove most of the metal from the mills, including the windshafts, in preparation for the installation of working plant. From Sarah 30 tons of scrap were removed; from James (after erecting scaffolding inside the tower) 7 tons. The floors of James were re-instated and it was used for storage; Sarah had chemical plant installed.

In 1959 the Diversey Corporation of Chicago bought Deosan, and the mills passed into the ownership of its subsidiary Diversey (U.K.) Ltd. In the early morning of Tuesday 29 January 1963 a fire started in Sarah, gutting the mill and destroying nearby storage sheds. Both mills were demolished soon afterwards.  The land has since become a housing estate.

Original information taken from Wikipedia
Distributed under a Creative Commons licence

Upload Files Update Listing Search Similar Advertise

Amber Valley Local News

Derby events company proves knock-out success in Canada A Derby company that has helped raise over £31m for charity by hosting ... read more

Developer Set To Make Special Wish For Mission Christmas An East Midlands based house builder, which was named one of the top fundrai... read more

CCTV released after thousands of pounds of jewellery stolen during burglaries Police Officers are appealing for the publics help afte... read more

Visit Santa at the National Stone Centres Free Christmas Festival Santa Claus is coming to the National Stone Centre as the Derbyshir... read more

More news from Amber Valley


Find out more about cookies we store on your computer.

Find out about advertising on Amber Valley info.
Q R Codes

Find out about and download our QR Codes.
Social Media

Amber Valley Info are on Facebook and Twitter.
Legal Stuff

Read our copy of the sites terms and conditions.
Business Listings in Alfreton, Business Listings in Ripley, Business Listings in Heanor, Business Listings in Belper, Business Listings in Amber Valley, Business Listings in Somercotes, Business Listings in Swanwick, Business Listings in Loscoe, Business Listings in Codnor, Business Listings in Ambergate, Business Listings in Crich, Business Listings in South Wingfield, Business Listings in Denby, Business Listings in Heage, Business Listings in Kilburn, Business Listings in Duffield, Business Listings in Chesterfield, Business Listings in Derby, Business Listings in Nottingham, Business Listings in Derbyshire, Business Listings in East Midlands, Business Listings in Matlock, Business Listings in Ilkeston, Business Listings in Mansfield, Business Listings in Sutton In Ashfield, Business Listings in Kirkby In Ashfield, Business Listings in DE5, Business Listings in DE55, Business Listings in DE56